Anlotinib Improves Survival in Advanced NSCLC Subtypes

In patients with previously treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), anlotinib increases progression-free survival in squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and improves both overall and progression-free survival in adenocarcinoma, according to a subgroup analysis of a phase 3 trial.Treatment selection for NSCLC has become largely dependent on histological subtype. In the ALTER0303 trial, anlotinib, a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), showed significant survival benefits among pa...

HSD3B1 Genotype and Prostate Cancer Outcomes: Nima Sharifi, MD

Men with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (CSPC) generally experience an initial response to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT), but with time, the cancer invariably becomes castration resistant. A new analysis of data from the phase 3 CHAARTED trial, published last week in JAMA Oncology, shows that men with low-volume metastatic CSPC who have the adrenal-permissive genotype of the HSD3B1 gene experience more rapid progression to castration-resistant disease and shorter overall su...

Nivolumab Shows Long-Term Efficacy in Advanced RCC

In patients with previously treated advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), nivolumab significantly increases overall survival and response rates compared with everolimus, according to the final updated analysis of the phase 3 CheckMate 025 trial.A randomized, open-label trial, CheckMate 025 enrolled 821 patients with advanced RCC previously treated with antiangiogenic therapies. Patients were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive 3 mg/kg of nivolumab intravenously every two weeks or 10 mg of everol...

Baseline Liver Function As a Prognostic Factor in Unresectable HCC: Arndt Vogel, MD

In the phase 3 REFLECT trial, lenvatinib, an oral multikinase inhibitor, showed non-inferior survival compared with sorafenib in patients with untreated, unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the assessment of baseline liver function as a prognostic factor for patients with unresectable HCC receiving lenvatinib had not yet been investigated. In a post hoc analysis of the trial, a team of researchers led by Arndt Vogel, MD, Professor of Gastrointestinal Oncology at Hannover Medica...

Nadofaragene for High-Grade BCG-Unresponsive NMIBC

‚ÄčIntravesical nadofaragene firadenovec is an effective and well-tolerated treatment for high-grade nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) carcinoma in situ (CIS) that does not respond to intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), according to results of a multicenter, open-label phase 3 trial presented this past Friday at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.For patients with BCG-unresponsive NMIBC, there is a substantial risk of disease recurrence and progression. Cystectomy is often a...

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