Sociodemographic Factors Affect Oral Cancer Screenings

When oral cancers are discovered in the early stage, the survival rate is 82.8% versus 28% when the disease is found after metastasis; therefore, it is important to implement preventive measures for early diagnosis of oral cancer. Researchers evaluated rates of oral cancer among those who have been to the dentist in the past two years to determine if sociodemographic factors, like income or race, predict discrepancies in the rate of diagnosis and found that a significantly high amount of minorit...
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Cancer Burden High in Caribbean

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the Caribbean, with up to a fifth of deaths attributed to the disease. Due to a number of challenging factors, such as the geographical spread of the Caribbean Islands, limited health care resources, and the absence of a plan for cancer control, providing effective cancer treatment is difficult. In many cases, patients lack access to cancer screenings, diagnostics, and treatment. Researchers conducted an analysis of the lack of cancer control in th...
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Higher Cancer Mortality Rates in HIV-Positive Older Patients

According to researchers, the disparity in cancer mortality rates between older patients with both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and cancer and older patients who have cancer but not HIV is due to more than the suboptimal cancer treatment given to those with HIV. It has previously been established that patients with both HIV and cancer have higher rates of cancer-specific mortality in comparison to other patients with cancer, yet the cause of this discrepancy has not been fully explained. "...
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Higher Fasting Glucose Increases Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Researchers have identified a link between elevated blood sugar levels and incidence rates of pancreatic cancer. With a five-year survival rate of only 9%, pancreatic cancer is not easily diagnosed and frequently remains undetected until after it has spread, resulting in an average of 45,750 deaths per year. While diabetes is a known risk factor, the connection between increased pancreatic cancer rates and elevated glucose levels in pre- and non-diabetic patients had not been identified until no...
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Immune Marker Changes Link MGUS to Multiple Myeloma

Researchers have found that serum immune marker changes are associated with consistent progression of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to multiple myeloma. A premalignant plasma cell disorder, MGUS is a consistent predecessor of multiple myeloma. In an invited commentary published alongside the study in JAMA Oncology , Nikhil C. Munshi, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute at Harvard Medical School, and colleagues explain the process of progression from MGUS to multip...
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