Increased COVID-19 Risk in Patients With Cancer

Patients with cancer are at increased risk of infection with severe adult respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which causes COVID-19, according to a medical records review of patients with cancer at a hospital in Wuhan, China."Patients with cancer from the epicenter of a viral epidemic harbored a higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection… compared with the community. However, fewer than half of these infected patients were undergoing active treatment for their cancers," note the investigat...
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Head and Neck Cancer: What Factors Affect Risk of In-Hospital Mortality?

​Along with a variety of other patient- and hospital-related factors, male sex, weekend admissions, and treatment at nonteaching hospitals are associated with increased in-hospital mortality for patients with head and neck cancer, report the authors of a cross-sectional study published today in JAMA Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery.Using the 2008 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample database, the investigators identified adult hospitalized patients diagnosed with either primary or secondary hea...
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Milk and Breast Cancer Risk: Gary E. Fraser, MBChB, PhD

​United States Dietary Guidelines recommend that adults and children aged 9 or older consume three cups per day of low-fat or fat-free milk and dairy foods, or alternatively, three cups of calcium-fortified soymilk. However, a large observational study recently published in the International Journal of Epidemiology reports that consuming three cups of dairy milk per day is associated with a risk of breast cancer that is increased by as much as 80%, regardless of the fat content of the milk,...
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Alcohol Use in Cancer Survivors With Nina Sanford, MD

Alcohol use, particularly at high levels, is known to be both a risk factor for cancer and a contributor to poor oncologic outcomes. However, few guidelines are in place for health care providers to counsel their patients regarding alcohol consumption both during and after treatment. In a study now published in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, a team of researchers led by Nina Sanford, MD, Assistant Professor of Radiation Oncology at the University of Texas Southwestern ...
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Insurance Status Contributes to Racial Disparities in Breast Cancer

A new study reports that a lack of adequate health insurance is responsible for nearly half of racial and ethnic disparities in breast cancer stage at diagnosis.Earlier detection and treatment of breast cancer can significantly improve outcomes for patients diagnosed with this disease. However, studies have shown that a higher proportion of women of racial and ethnic minorities present with breast cancer at more advanced stages, negatively impacting their treatment and prognosis. In a study now ...
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