Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Which is Better, Adjuvant Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy?

In patients who have been diagnosed with T1 N0 M0 triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), age plays a role in whether chemotherapy or radiotherapy will lead to better outcomes for overall survival and breast cancer–specific survival (BCSS), according to the results of a cohort study now published in JAMA Network Open. The investigators, led by Zhen Zhai, MD, of the Department of Breast Surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital in the College of Medicine at Zhejiang University in Hangzhou, China, en...
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CTC Count-Driven Treatment Improves Survival in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

Using circulating tumor cell (CTC) count to determine whether chemotherapy or endocrine therapy is used improves survival outcomes compared with clinically determined treatment in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer, according to the results of the open-label, randomized phase 3 STIC CTC trial published today in JAMA Oncology. The investigators, led by François-Clément Bidard, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Paris-Sac...
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Modern Radiation Therapy Doses for Early-Stage Hodgkin Lymphoma: Chelsea Pinnix, MD, PhD

While radiation therapy is an effective treatment for patients with early-stage favorable Hodgkin lymphoma, it also poses a risk of long-term toxicity to the surrounding organs and tissue. In a study recently published in JAMA Network Open, a team of researchers led by first author Chelsea Pinnix, MD, PhD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, found that combined modality therapy consisting of ABVD (doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine) and contemporary radiation therapy (RT) demonstrated effic...
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Modern Radiation Plus Chemo Effective and Safe for Early-Stage Hodgkin Lymphoma

According to the results of a new study, combined modality therapy consisting of ABVD (doxorubicin/bleomycin/vinblastine/dacarbazine) followed by contemporary radiation therapy (RT) was effective and safe in patients with early-stage favorable Hodgkin lymphoma, with low radiation doses delivered to at-risk organs. "While maximal efficacy is demonstrated with combined modality therapy, RT is often omitted in fear of late adverse effects," write the investigators, led by first author Chelsea C. Pi...
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Breast Cancer in Older Patients With Comorbidities: Chemotherapy Improves Survival

In older patients with multiple comorbidities and estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, node-positive breast cancer, chemotherapy improves survival, according to a study published today in JAMA Oncology. "Breast cancer risk and the incidence of comorbidities increase with age. Treatment of elderly patients with significant comorbidities is challenging," write the investigators, led by first author Nina Tamirisa, MD, Assistant Professor of Breast Surgical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderso...
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