Breast Cancer: BRCA1/2 Mutations Enhance Chemotherapy’s Efficacy

Carriers of germline variants in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes are more likely to experience a pathologic complete response to two different chemotherapy regimens, according to a retrospective study now published in JAMA Oncology.This study was a secondary analysis of data from the GeparOcto multicenter prospective clinical trial, in which 945 women with different subtypes of high-risk, early-stage breast cancer were randomized to receive either sequential intense dose-dense epirubicin/paclitaxel/cy...
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Testicular Cancer: Half the Chemotherapy, Same Efficacy

​One cycle of chemotherapy with bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) works just as well as two cycles for the adjuvant treatment of high-risk, stage 1 nonseminomatous or combined germ cell tumors of the testis, report the investigators of a single-arm phase 3 study.Patients with testicular cancer, the most common cancer among American males between the ages of 15 and 35, often present with stage 1 disease. However, many nonseminomas and combined germ cell tumors of the testis have malignant...
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Olanzapine 5 mg Effective for Preventing CINV

In order to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV), 10 mg of olanzapine, an antipsychotic, is often added to standard antiemetic therapy including aprepitant, palonosetron, and dexamethasone. However, reducing the dose of olanzapine to 5 mg is recommended by guidelines to mitigate sedation, a common side effect of olanzapine. In this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial, researchers discovered that 5 mg of olanzapine is effective at treating CINV in patien...
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How Does Cancer Treatment Affect Immune Health in HIV Patients?

In people with HIV and cancer, antiretroviral therapy is often used during cancer treatment to mitigate complications of HIV progression. However, questions regarding long-term effects of cancer treatment in this patient population remain, such as the immunosuppressive effects on HIV RNA level and CD4 count, which are indicators of a patient's morbidity and mortality. Therefore, scientists sought to measure the link between these biomarkers and associated mortality after cancer treatment. They p...
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No Long-Term “Chemo Brain” Impact in Testicular Cancer

Cognitive changes have been associated with various cancer treatments. In studies, between 17% and 75% of breast cancer survivors have reported cognitive deficits after chemotherapy. Commonly known as "chemo brain," these symptoms have had reported durations of up to 20 years after receipt of breast cancer treatment. Fortunately, this is not the case for patients with testicular cancer: a new study shows no long-term cognitive impairment following chemotherapy.The prospective study, pu...
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