Head and Neck Cancer: What Factors Affect Risk of In-Hospital Mortality?

​Along with a variety of other patient- and hospital-related factors, male sex, weekend admissions, and treatment at nonteaching hospitals are associated with increased in-hospital mortality for patients with head and neck cancer, report the authors of a cross-sectional study published today in JAMA Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery.Using the 2008 to 2013 National Inpatient Sample database, the investigators identified adult hospitalized patients diagnosed with either primary or secondary hea...
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How Being Unmarried Impacts Cancer Treatment: An Interview With Joan DelFattore, PhD, MS

Studies have shown that unmarried patients with cancer are less likely to receive surgery and radiotherapy than their married counterparts; they are also less likely to survive their cancer. In a research-based perspective essay published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Joan DelFattore, PhD, MS, a survivor of stage IV gallbladder cancer, suggests that contrary to assumptions made by a number of researchers, the disparities in cancer treatment for individuals who are single may stem not f...
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Higher Cancer Mortality Rates in HIV-Positive Older Patients

According to researchers, the disparity in cancer mortality rates between older patients with both human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and cancer and older patients who have cancer but not HIV is due to more than the suboptimal cancer treatment given to those with HIV.It has previously been established that patients with both HIV and cancer have higher rates of cancer-specific mortality in comparison to other patients with cancer, yet the cause of this discrepancy has not been fully explained."To...
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Increasing Eligibility for Lung Cancer Screening With Ping Yang, MD, PhD

​Screening is essential to reducing deaths from lung cancer, a condition which, due to high rates of late-stage diagnosis, is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. The United States Preventative Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening for individuals aged 55 to 80 who either currently smoke or have quit within the past 15 years and have a history of 30 or more pack years, a pack year being the number of packs smoked per day multipl...
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The Affordable Care Act: Impact on Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis With Anna Jo Smith, MD, MPH, MSc

The 2010 Affordable Care Act expanded access to health insurance for many Americans. In a study presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2019 Annual Meeting, Anna Jo Smith, MD, MPH, MSc, and Amanda Nickels Fader, MD, found that the Affordable Care Act led to earlier diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cancer. In this interview with i3 Health, Dr. Smith, a gynecology and obstetrics resident at Johns Hopkins Medicine, discusses the implications of her study's results.What led y...
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